Why Reactive Dye is So Called?

Last updated on August 12th, 2023 at 10:25 pm

Definition of Reactive Dye

Reactive dyes are a class of colored compounds that chemically bind to fibers like cotton, rayon, or linen to impart color resistance to washing and fading. To apply reactive dyes properly, we need a process with controlled conditions. Usually, they are used in an alkaline bath with sodium carbonate or sodium hydroxide. This high pH helps the dye react and bind with the fibers.

Reactive Dye

Why it is Reactive Dye?

The term reactive signifies that the dyes react rapidly with an inert fiber like cotton and produces stable co-valent bond formation with an excellent color fastness. So, this dye stuff is called reactive dye.

Significance of Reactive dye

The significance of reactive dye is given below:

  • This dye stuff reacts as a react group which attach with reactive parts with fiber and produces co-valent bond formation.
  • It is easily soluble in water.
  • It can be used for coloration of cellulose and protein fiber.
  • It gives a variety of color shade.
  • It is used in alkali medium.
  • Its color fastness properties are very good.
  • Reactive dyeing process is easier.

Classification of Reactive Dye

According to chemical structure:    

  1. Hydrogen
  2. Vinyl 

According to Reactivity:  

  1. High reactivity – NaHCO3
  2. Moderate reactivity – Na2CO3
  3. Low reactivity – NaOH 

According to using temperature:

  1. Cold brand: 40ᵒC – 50ᵒC
  2. Hot brand: 90ᵒC – 95ᵒC

Trade names of Reactive Dye

Trade NamesCompanyCountry
Procion – mI.C.IU.K
CibacornCiba – GeigySwitzerland
ReactoneCiba – GeigySwitzerland

These dyes are especially good at making vivid, intense colors that pop. Brand names you see in the above table. The downside is they can fade faster in sunlight than other dye types.

Reasons for Popularity

Reactive dyes are so popular due to the following reasons:

  • Good washing fastness (Rating 4 – 5).
  • Very good light fastness (Rating 6).
  • Lower cost.
  • Simple dyeing method.
  • Good reproducibility.
  • Low dyeing temperature (Below 100ᵒC).
  • Ability to produce bright shade.
  • Easily applicable to cellulosic fiber as well as protein.
  • All kind of shade is found.
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He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
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6 thoughts on “Why Reactive Dye is So Called?

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