Last updated on August 5th, 2023 at 12:42 am
Definition of Industrial Psychology
Industrial-organizational psychologists contribute to an organization’s success by improving the performance and well-being of its people. An industrial psychologist researches and identifies how behaviors and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices, training programs, and feedback systems.
According to E. J. Mc Cormic and Joseph Tiffin, “ Industrial Psychology is concerned with the study of human behavior in those aspects of life that are related to the production, distribution, and use of the goods and services in our civilization.
M. l. Blum and J. C. Naylor have defined industrial psychology as the application or extension of psychological facts and principles to the problem concerning human beings operating within the context of business and industry.
Lastly, we can say that industrial psychology involves the application of the methods, facts, and principles of the science of human behavior to people at work.
Importance of Industrial Psychology
Industrial Psychology has a lot of importance in the field of organization and workplaces to achieve the organizational goals. Some of them are given below:
1. Increase Productivity
Industrial psychology can increase workers’ output by increasing employees’ positive thinking.
2. Job Analysis
With the help of industrial psychology, a psychologist can evaluate, redesign jobs and determine the compensation levels.
3. Adjustment to the Environment
By using psychological knowledge, many companies can retain their employees because they understand how to keep them happy and ensure a better work environment.
4. Increase Motivation, Job Satisfaction, and Moral
Industrial psychology can reduce counter-productive behavior, enhance team effectiveness, motivate employees and prevent dissatisfaction and immoral happenings.
5. Remove Psychological Problems
There may be problems in many organizations that decrease the employees’ creativity. The application of industrial psychology can provide a better solution for this purpose.
6. Increase Human Relations
Good relationships must be built among individuals and within the groups of an organization because they can ensure the timely and effective achievement of goals.
7. Increase Efficiency
By eliminating the causes of productivity loss, Absenteeism, and worker accidents and ensuring mental health through psychological practice, the efficiency and Productivity of workers of a company and the quality of goods and services can be increased.
8. Reduce Absenteeism
The application of psychology helps managers in the selection and placement of employees and provides proper training and development of employees that can reduce the Absenteeism of employees.
9. Remove the Frustration
Industrial psychology can reduce employees’ frustration by providing proper motivation and promotion to employees.
10. Create Qualified leadership
It can create qualified leadership by improving mental health and creating good personality factors.