Systems or Classification of Drafting Plan

Last updated on August 22nd, 2023 at 11:23 pm

Classification of Drafting Plan     

Straight Draft

Straight draft is the most common and can be used with any number of shafts. Each successive thread is drawn on successive shafts, the first thread on the first shaft, the second thread on the second shaft, and so on. The last thread of the warp repeat is drawn on the last shaft. Thus the number of shafts equals the warp repeat and the repeat of draft equals the warp repeat.

Straight Drafting Plan

Uses: Used in twill design.      

Pointed Draft

Pointed drafts are used where the straight draft cannot be applied. This draft can be considered as a combination of straight drafts. A straight draft is returned in the opposite direction at a predetermined point. The first and last heald shafts equals to half of the number of threads in warp repeat.

Pointed drafting plan

Uses: Used to produce fabric with symmetrical design e.g. jig-jag twill, Diamond.      

Skip Draft

The warp ends are threaded in an irregular way. Warp ends with the same action are threaded through the same shaft. The number of heald used is multiple of two or more than the number of threads in one repeat. In case of the plain weave, may be drawn on two healds, if the cloth is coarse; or on four healds, if the cloth is of medium fineness; or on six healds, if the cloth is very fine.

Skip drafting plan

Uses: This system is particularly useful in weaving very densely fabric.

Broken Draft

It can be considered as modified pointed draft. Again it is a combination of straight drafts with different directions of constructing. But the direction is reversed not on the last or the first shaft. When the direction is reversed the first thread of the next group is started higher or lowers than the last thread of the preceding group. This small modification changes considerably the design by breaking the axis of symmetry. The order of interlacing of the last thread of the first group is opposite to that of the first thread of the preceding group.

Broken drafting plan

Uses: This draft is applied for producing herringbone twills, diaper design and etc.

Divided Draft

The shafts are divided into two or more groups. A suitable type of draft is chosen for each group. The divided draft is employed for double-warp fabric. There are two systems of warp threads: The face and back ones.

Divided drafting plan

Uses: The draft is employed for derived weaves, double warp weaves, two ply weaves, pile weaves etc.      

Grouped Draft

Two sets of stripes are used in two set heald shafts. Warp of each group passed through a particular group of healds adjacently and the other set of warp is inserted through another group of heald adjacently.

Grouped drafting plan

Uses: This draft is used for producing check and stripe fabric. 

Curved Draft

The minimal number of shafts equals the number of threads in warp repeat with different order of interlacing. The drawing-in is done applying the rule: All warp threads which works alike are drawn on the same shaft. They are irregular and cannot be classified.

Curved drafting plan

Uses: Used to produce decorated weave with large repeat unit.      

Combined Draft

It is a very complicated type of draft. It can be chosen if there are some technological or economical reasons. Great experience is required for such drafting plan.

Combined drafting plan

Uses: In producing some special type of fabrics different type of drafts are required to be mixed.

You may also like: Honeycomb Weave Fabric Structure: An Overview

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He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
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