Last updated on July 22nd, 2023 at 11:45 am
Hair Lines or Pin Stripe
The effect of arranging the warp and weft a 2:2 order of coloring in the 2/2*2 matt-weave cloth is shown in the following figure; similarly the shades indicate the dark yarns. The weave and color arrangement produce the pattern, which consists of thick or coarse horizontal lines alternately dark and light like as previous end coloring pattern.
In the following right side figure the weave is same as in the left one, but the warp and weft color arrangement has been changed: the result in vertical lines. Similarly the pattern can be changed by changing the starting of the weave with same color arrangement of both warp and weft yarn.
Crows Foot Pattern
The effect of arranging the warp and weft 2:2 order of coloring in the 1/1 plain-weave cloth is shown in the following left figure; similarly the shades indicate the dark yarns. The weave and color arrangement produce the pattern, which is the well-known crowsfoot design.
A similar but larger crowsfoot pattern results from using a 4:4 coloring with a 2/2*2 matt-weaves represent in the following right side figure.
Dog’s Tooth or Hound’s Tooth Pattern
The most popular weave for color and weave effects is 2/2 twill. With a 4:4 coloring, arranged as in the following figure, it gives a distinctive and decorative pattern known as dog’s tooth when a relatively fine construction gives a small, and as hound’s tooth when a coarser construction gives a larger pattern.
Shepherd’s Check Pattern
A 6:6 order of coloring with a 2/2 twill weave gives an effect similar to, but bolder than, dog’s tooth.
Birds Eye Effect
A useful type of color and weave effect is known as ‘a fabric having a pattern of very small and uniform spots, the result of a combination of weave and color’. The development of the pattern and of another pattern of the same type, but having larger spots, is given in the following figures. Both these patterns use simple fancy weave. Other fancy weaves used with suitable orders of coloring provide a considerable range of patterns, some of which are distinctive enough to be useful.
Stepped Twill Pattern
A 1:1 order of coloring with a 2/2 twill weave (for finer effect) or 1:2 order of coloring with a twill weave (for finer effect) or 2:1 order of coloring with a twill 3/3 weave (for coarser effect) gives a useful effect known as stepped twill. Its development is shown in the following figures.