Polyester Fibre Production Process and End Uses

Introduction Polyester are polymers made by a condensation reaction taking place between small molecules, in which the linkage of the molecules occurs through the formation of ester groups. Polyesters are commonly made by interaction of a dibasic acid with a dihydric alcohol: HOOC-X-COOH + HO-Y-OH → …OC-X-COO-Y-OCO-X-COO-Y-OCO… The formation of polyester was studied by Wallace H. Carothers […]

Anti Static Finishes and its Application | Conductive Fibres

Introduction Static electricity can cause many processing problems for textile materials, especially those made form hydrophobic synthetic fibres. In most dry textile processes, fibres and fabrics move at high speeds over various surfaces which can generate electrostatic charging from frictional forces. This electrical charge can cause fibres and yarns to repel each other, leading to ballooning. Fabrics and non-woven are also affected […]

Functional Finishing of Textile

Definition of Functional Finishing The word “textile finishing” defines a series of processing operations applied to grey fabrics to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. The term “finishing” includes all the treatments applied to grey fabrics such as scouring, bleaching, dyeing or printing while we will use the term ‘functional finishing’ with reference to all the mechanical or […]

An Overview of Fabric Mercerizing

Definition  This is a special treatment for cotton yarns, fabrics which improves the fabric luster and wet ability, ensures a covering effect for dead cotton, improves dimensional stability and dyeing efficiency. Mechanism This treatment is done by using caustic soda, which determines the contraction and swelling of the fibres; they become translucent their tensile strength, but reduce their flexural and torsion […]

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