Last updated on June 25th, 2023 at 05:33 am
Effluent can be defined as the excess chemical liquor which is discharged after using original operation.
Effluent is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as “wastewater – treated or untreated – that flows out of a treatment plant, sewer, or industrial outfall. Generally refers to wastes discharged into surface waters”. The Compact Oxford English Dictionary defines effluent as “liquid waste or sewage discharged into a river or the sea”.
Effluent Treatment Plant is a plant that is used to treat the effluent and make it environment friendly. The process flow chart of ETP is shown in the following fig: