General Properties of Textile Fibre

Last updated on June 18th, 2023 at 04:57 am

The fibres which are used for the production of yarn and fabric are called textile fibres. There may be different types of fibres look like textile fibres but all the fibres are not textile fibres. To be a textile fibre it should have some of the essential characteristics like minimum length to insert twist, strength, fineness, cohesiveness, rigidity or stiffness, elongation and elasticity etc. Different types of textile fibres are used in the textile industry. Some of them we get from natural sources and some of them are man-made.

Textile Fibre Properties

Properties of Textile Fibre

Considering the general properties of textile fibre we can mainly divide into four fairly loose properties, Physical, Mechanical, Chemical and Structural properties.

Physical Properties

A textile fibre should have some of the following physical properties –

  • Length
  • Fineness
  • Crimp
  • Maturity
  • Lusture
  • Softness
  • Resiliency
  • Work of rupture
  • Density
  • Appearance
  • Flexibility
  • Toughness
  • Elongation
  • Friction
  • Tenacity
  • Moisture regain and Moisture content
  • Burning behavior
  • Pilling behavior

Mechanical Properties

A textile fibre should have some of the following mechanical properties –

  • Strength
  • Elasticity
  • Extensibility
  • Rigidity
  • Static Electrification
  • Thermal conductivity

Chemical Properties

A textile fibre should have some of the following chemical properties –

  • Action with acid
  • Action with alkali
  • Action with bleaching
  • Action with organic solvent
  • Sunlight preventive power
  • Mildew preventive power
  • Insects preventive power
  • Heat preventive power

Structural Properties

A textile fibre should have some of the following structural properties –

  • Fine structure and Appearance
  • Micro structure

So we can say that, if we want to judge a fibre as a textile fibre, it should have some of the above properties.

Share this post :
He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
Posts created 420

3 thoughts on “General Properties of Textile Fibre

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Related Posts

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top