An Overview of Industrial Lock stitch/ Plain Stitch Machine

Last updated on September 24th, 2023 at 12:26 am


The machine which produces stitch by interlacing of threads is called lock stitch machine. This machine produces durables and is very popular in garment industry.

Industrial Lock stitch/ Plain Stitch Machine


  • Stitch is produced by interlocking.
  • Bobbin and bobbin case are present.
  • Threads are supplied from cone.
  • It has only one needle.
  • It has different type of feed mechanism.

Adjustment Point and Main Parts

  • Thread
  • Tensioner
  • Needle
  • Stitch density
  • Bobbin
  • Pressure feed
  • Needle bar
  • Feed dog
  • Pressure feed guide
  • Needle plate or throught plate
  • Spindle
  • Bobbin case
  • Bobbin
  • Rotary hook
  • Back stitch level
  • Stitch density regulator
  • Bobbin winding
  • Paddle
  • Pressure feed 
  • Pressure feed lever
  • Side plate
  • M/C Pulley
  • Needle
    1. Needle butt  
    2. Needle shank  
    3. Needle eye  
    4. Needle scarf  
    5. Needle tip


For sewing light or heavy fabric i. e. all kinds of plain sewing.


Maintenance can be of different types. But following types are important in this aspect:

Routine Maintenance

Lubrication and regular inspection is the constituent of routine maintenance. Lubrication ensures long life and safe working of all equipment’s. Inspection tries to detect faults in equipment so that repairs and replacements may be undertaken at the right time.

Scheduled Maintenance

This type of maintenance provides for inspection, overhaul lubrication and servicing of the machine at predetermined dates. Overhauling of the machine, cleaning of all components is normally done in this manner. It involves opening of the machine into its smallest components and carry out lubrication.   


The setting of the lock stitch machine is of imminence importance. Following Setting points needs to be ensured before running the machine.

  • Stitch density controller: It controls the no of stitches per inch. Before starting the machine, stitches per inch is determined by rotating the knob and fixing it at the desired position.
  • Motor: Motor rpm decides the speed of the machine,. The rpm is controlled by tightening or loosing the belt over machine and motor pulley.
  • Needle: Needle undergoes accurate setting to ensure proper sewing. Needle is attached by means of a screw which needs to be tightened enough to produce easy sewing. Again the needle size is also important from fabric point of view.
  • Pressure foot: The type of pressure foot to be used and its proper setting is important, which is ensured by proper attachment with the moor through machine pulley.
  • Feed dog: It is often found that due to random working the feed dog is subjected to be loose which may cause accident also. Thus the dog must be set properly with the screw.  


The replacement is revealed when the retention of equipment is no more remains an economical proposition. A replacement is affected when the equipment is subjected to compete breakage which cannot be used even after repair or it has crossed its expire date. Needle, pressure foot, feed dog etc. undergo frequent replacement.


Following precaution must be followed when repair, setting maintenance or replacement is carried out in the lock stitch machine.

  • All repair and maintenance work must be carried out by switching off the machine.
  • Right tools should be used at right place.
  • Skilled personnel should be involved for specialized job.
  • Careful handling of all the components is necessary.
  • The components should not be too tight or too lose.  


It can also be called plain stitch machine. Here different sizes of needles can be used as per requirements. This machine is mostly used in our garments industries.

You may also like: An Overview of Different Types of Sewing Thread

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He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
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One thought on “An Overview of Industrial Lock stitch/ Plain Stitch Machine

  1. Hello. This post couldn’t be written any better! Reading this post reminds me of my previous room mate. He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this page to him. Fairly certain he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing.

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