Working Principle of Stenter Machine

Stenter machine is not only a dryer but also used for many other purposes. Here knitted and woven fabric in open width form is treated. This multipurpose machine is used for the following purposes: Drying Heat setting Width control Curing Finishing chemical application Selvedge printing Uniform moisture control for pad batch dyeing Loop control Weft […]

Different Types of Fabric Finishes

The process by which the appearance and quality of the fabrics is improved is called fabric finishing. It also increases fabrics resistance to laundering and wear. The operations involved in fabric finishing vary depending on the texture and the purpose of the fabrics. In some cases, particular operations may be eliminated (for example, calendering, decating, […]

An Overview of Anti Microbial Finish

Introduction The growth of microorganisms on textile can lead to functional, hygienic, and aesthetic difficulties (for example staining). The most trouble-causing organisms are fungi and bacteria. Under very moist condition, algae, can also grow on textiles but are troublesome only because they act as nutrient sources for fungi and bacteria. Fungi cause multiple problems to […]

Anti Static Finishes and its Application | Conductive Fibres

Introduction Static electricity can cause many processing problems for textile materials, especially those made form hydrophobic synthetic fibres. In most dry textile processes, fibres and fabrics move at high speeds over various surfaces which can generate electrostatic charging from frictional forces. This electrical charge can cause fibres and yarns to repel each other, leading to ballooning. Fabrics and non-woven are also affected […]

Functional Finishing of Textile

Definition of Functional Finishing The word “textile finishing” defines a series of processing operations applied to grey fabrics to enhance their appearance and hand, properties and possible applications. The term “finishing” includes all the treatments applied to grey fabrics such as scouring, bleaching, dyeing or printing while we will use the term ‘functional finishing’ with reference to all the mechanical or […]

An Overview of Fabric Mercerizing

Definition  This is a special treatment for cotton yarns, fabrics which improves the fabric luster and wet ability, ensures a covering effect for dead cotton, improves dimensional stability and dyeing efficiency. Mechanism This treatment is done by using caustic soda, which determines the contraction and swelling of the fibres; they become translucent their tensile strength, but reduce their flexural and torsion […]

Finishing Faults and Their Remedies

Finishing is the most import part in the Textile Industries because total quality of the dyed fabric depends on finishing. In this section fabric GSM, width, shrinkage etc. are controlled. But sometimes the subsequent faults are found after finishing. Wet Squeezer Marks Causes Remedies GSM Variation Causes Remedies Bowing Causes Remedies Skewing Causes Remedies You […]

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