Weaving Loom: Definition, Parts and Classification

Last updated on August 18th, 2023 at 10:23 pm

Definition of Loom

Loom is a machine or device which is used to produce woven fabric by interlacement of warp and weft yarn. Ginning, opening, cleaning, carding, combing, drawing, spinning, winding, warpingsizing, beaming are the process prior to weaving. All these process converge on loom.

Classification of Loom

  • Hand loom.
  • Power loom.

Hand loom

  • Primitive or power loom.
  • Pit loom:
    1. Through shuttle loom.
    2. Fly shuttle loom.
  • Frame loom:
    1. Through shuttle.
    2. Fly shuttle.
  • Chittranjan loom.
  • Hattersley loom.

Power loom

  • Conventional power loom:
    1. Simple.
    2. Automatic. 
  • Modern loom:
    1. Jet loom.
    2. Rapier loom.
    3. Multiphase loom.

Different Parts of a Loom

Weaving loom different parts.

Short Description of Loom is Given Below


Wire or cords with eyelets that hold warp yarns in a place.

Heald shaft/Harness
A wood or metal frame that holds the headl/heddles in position in the loom during weaving. It is usually more than one.

This is a vehicle for weft & passes through the divided warp for the interlacement of the warp & weft.

Shuttle box
Compartment of each end of the sley of a shuttle loom used to retain the shuttle between picking motion.

It is a piece of leather or other metal placed in grooves or on a spindle inside a shuttle box.

A cylindrical body with end flanges on which a multiple of warp ends is wound in such way to permit the removal of these yarns as a warp sheet.

Front rest
It is a fixed roller placed in front of the loom above the cloth beam & act as a guide for the cloth to wind on to the cloth beam.

Lease rods
The division of warp yarn into one & one, two & two, & so on is termed as lease. The two rods passed between the two successive divisions of warp yarns are called lease rods.

It is the portion of loom that carries the reed and oscillates between the harness & the fell of the cloth.

A comb like wire or device used to separate yarns on a loom & to beat up the filling during weaving.

The treadle is a paddle or lever under a loom with which a thread is connected by means of cords.

Roller device on a loom that hold the cloth at a proper width to prevent it from being drawn in too much by the filling.

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He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
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5 thoughts on “Weaving Loom: Definition, Parts and Classification

  1. It’s going to be finish of mine day, except before end
    I am reading this great article to increase my experience.

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