Main Features, Application and Durability of Flocked Fabrics

Last updated on August 29th, 2023 at 11:33 pm

Main Features of Flocked Fabrics

A surface effect that is similar to a nap or a pile may be created by flocking, a process in which short fibres are “glued” onto the surface of fabrics by an adhesive material. If the adhesive coats the entire surface of the fabric, the flocking will cover the entire surface of the fabric, but if the adhesive is printed onto the fabric in a pattern of some short, the flock will adhere only in the printed areas. All-over flocked fabrics may have suede like appearance.

Flock printed fabric.

Short lengths of fibre flocking can be made from any generic fibre type. Rayon is often used for flocking. Nylon may be selected for situations that require good abrasion resistance.

Fibres for flocking are made from bundle of tow fibre (continuous filament fibres without twist). The tow is fed through a finish removal bath and then onto a bank of cutters that cut flock of the desired length. The fibres maybe dyed before they are attached to the fabric, or the completed fabric may be dyed.

Application of Flock to Fabrics

The flock is applied to the fabric is one of two methods. The mechanical flocking process sifts loose flock onto the surface of the fabric to be coated. A series of beaters agitate the fabric, causing most of the fibres to be set in an upright position, with one end of each fibre “locked” into the adhesive.

Application of Flock to Fabrics.

The second method causes the fibres to be attached in an upright position by passing them through an electrostatic field. The fibres pick up the electric charge and align themselves vertically. One end penetrates into the adhesive, and the flok is formed. Electrostatic flocking ensures more complete vertical positioning, and the resultant fabrics are of better quality. It is a more costly process. When buying fabrics, a consumer cannot tell which process was used.

Durability of Flocked Fabrics

The durability of flocked fabrics depends largely on the adhesives that hold the flock firmly during either laundering or dry cleaning. In some cases, flock may be removed by dry-cleaning solvents. Permanent care labels should tell the consumers how to handle flocked fabrics. A second factor in the durability of flocked fabrics has to do with the fibre from which the flock has been made.

You may also like: Roller Printing Process

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He is Abu Sayed, the founder of the blog site Textile Apex. He is a Textile Engineer having eight years plus practical experience in the Textile and Clothing industries. With a deep love for fashion and a keen eye for detail, he combines his creative flair with extensive knowledge to offer insightful and engaging content to his readers.
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One thought on “Main Features, Application and Durability of Flocked Fabrics

  1. Write more; that’s all I have to say. It seems as though you relied on the video to make your point. You know what you’re talking about, why waste your intelligence on just posting videos to your blog when you could be giving us something enlightening to read?

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